Research: Balancing feeding rations in poultry production
The most important condition for sustaining and increasing productive characteristics of agricultural animals, including poultry, is the value and balance of feeding rations.
The quality of feed base determines directly the increase of poultry population and the growth of its productivity, which in its turn determines the rate of increase and the volumes of production of poultry farming products. Feed production is extremely important for the branch development since poultry productivity by 50-80% depends on the environment factors, the most important of which is feeding. Feed and feeding has a much higher influence on the organism than poultry breed and origin.
The specific feature characterising poultry farming is that in the structure of manufacturing cost of products, feed accounts for the highest expenses. During production of poultry meat, the share of the feed expenses in direct material costs is 72%, and during production of eggs the feed share currently reaches 85%.
Depending on the biological characteristics of individual types of animals and poultry, the rations differ greatly in terms of the correlation of different types of feed. In the structure of the ration used for feeding animal poultry, the largest share is that of concentrated feed. In Ukraine, non-concentrated feeds account for over 98% of all production volumes compared to 80% in swine farming and 25-27% in cattle farming. Worldwide, over 38% of the overall grown or produced feed is used for poultry farming and its volumes are growing year after year.
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