Unhygienic poultry feed and poor bird health poses human health risk
The Daily Times reports that approx. 100,000 birds are
consumed daily in Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Ensuring a high standard of poultry
feed and bird health is imperative.
Pakistan environmentalists and veterinary experts say the preparation of
unhygienic poultry feed, improper disposal of poultry waste and absence of
legislation concerning feed ingredients and medication pose a serious threat to
Senior environmentalist Azharuddin said poultry feed was mostly prepared in
unhygienic conditions and no scientific measures were followed to gauge its
nutritional value. â€œFeed is prepared in big pans in the open and ingredients are
added lump sum without any measurement,â€ he said, adding that feed ingredients
like fishmeals and blood meals were often contaminated with heavy metal
ingredients. He believes that unbalanced feed composition was responsible for
the presence of fungus, salmonella and e-coli in birds consumed in the
Drugs and medicines
Veterinary doctor Dr Shaukat said growth-promoting drugs and medicines were
administrated for prolonged period during the bird's time of peak production or
as it neared slaughter, giving rise to residue formation in edible tissues. He
said the drug residue in the medicated animals, including poultry birds,
ultimately became part of the human body.
â€œIf a medicine is having a residual effect of one week, it means it must
not be slaughtered for one week otherwise the effect of medicine could remain in
meat of the animal. If the animal is consumed by humans before one week, its
residual effect would be transferred to them,â€ said veterinary doctor Dr Marwat
Dr Ali went on to say that normally six different types of vaccines were
injected to birds but some farm owners skipped vaccinations to save money.
Skipping vaccines sometimes led to health problems, he said, adding that eating
infected, unhealthy birds could causes illness among humans.
He believes that the government needs to regulate the poultry industry in
the larger interest of consumers.
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