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KUB chicken, a new generation of Kampung chicken

ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute) stated that indigenous chickens in Indonesia such as Kampung chicken are more unique than others in Asia. But the weakness is that the brooding trait of Kampung chicken is high and its egg production is less in number.

That is why, some researchers from the Indonesian Animal Research Center (Balitnak – Balai Penelitian Ternak) located in Bogor try hard to breed superior Kampung chicken from generation to generation to get the best Kampung chicken with the best productivity. Their long time efforts, originating in 1998, are not without result. At least they succeed in selecting, breeding and ranking Kampung chicken with superiority in feed efficiency, high egg production and fast growth. Then they named it KUB (Kampung Unggul Balitnak – Balitnak’s Superior Kampung) chicken. Until now, the breeding program of KUB chicken is still going on until the traits selected and observed are more stable.

Dr. Tike Sartika – researcher of Balitnak said, KUB chicken is the result of a breeding program of some Kampung chickens from different locations in West Java and each of those Kampung chickens has different superiority in traits. “KUB chicken is more efficient in feed consumption. KUB chicken consumes 80 to 85 grams of feed per bird per day. Comparing with Kampung chicken, Kampung chicken consumes 100 grams of feed per bird per day,” she explained.

“During the 6 months of our observation, we got data that KUB chicken produces 85 eggs per bird. While Kampung chicken observed just produces 60 eggs per bird. For the brooding trait, we found that the brooding trait of KUB chicken as well as Kampung chicken can be reduced by using battery or single cages. Based on these data, we will keep moving forward to continue our research on KUB chicken.”

Table 1 - Some characteristics of KUB chicken
Characteristics Comment
Egg production 85 eggs per bird (average hen day = 46.13%)
Peak of egg production Week of 30
Feed consumption per day Average 80.57 grams per bird
First of laying 175 days of age
Egg weight Average 40.33 grams per egg

Source: Dr. Tike Sartika – researcher of Balitnak

Editor WorldPoultry

One comment

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    Pedigree breeding,either fullsib or halfsib, to estimate the magnitude of genetic control for various traits,repeated over generations should help in improvement of traits.
    A strain-cross trial utilising different lines from varied geographical locations will be helpful to identify male and female parent lines for improvement of weight related or egg production traits separately and thereafter keeping the identified lines as closed flocks will help.
    The performance of KUB chicken as furnished in the paper is normal for indigenous chicken.

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