87 commentsupdate:Sep 24, 2012

Heat Stress Additives

Ioannis Mavromichalis
Summer is once again here and I have already received three calls regarding diet changes in anticipation of summer heat waves. Naturally, when it comes to additives the first selection has always been vitamin C and sodium bicarbonate.

 

But, I have a question for all of us...

If we were to pick only one of the two additives (vitamin C or sodium bicarbonate), regardless of cost, which one would you prefer based on expected efficacy against heat stress?

Please, do leave a comment!

87 comments

  • no-profile-image

    Paul B Tillman

    Both Vit. C and S-Carb are good options during heat stress, with the latter probably having more adoption. I would also consider increasing the amount of added fat as it lowers the Heat Increment, with the effect of keeping birds cooler.

  • no-profile-image

    Reza Pourslami

    Few years ago I was principal investigator for a heat-stress research project. We used Vit.C and several feed additives at different levels but none of them worked out in broilers. We did not use NaHCO3 though. I guess factors such as stock density, nutrient density, feed consumption, duration of the heat shock, electrolyte balance...play an important role in heat-stress management. There is not a good body of info available on heat-stress issue. Problem with most of the available literature is that: they do not have a control diet to indicate that the heat-stress condition was really induced.

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.M.Asif raza

    Heat stress is a major problem for chicken in summer. The areas where the farming is in open houses ,it is more difficult to combat with the high temperature. The use of sodium bicarbonate is more economic as compared to Vit C. Sodium bicarbonate help the bird during panting ,as well work better at cellular level to prevent dehydration.

  • no-profile-image

    dr kamal

    Along with NaHco3 & Vit c ,betaine also good choice

  • no-profile-image

    JN Vakabua

    I would go for Sodium Bicarbonate considering acid base balance due to increase in body temperature and loss of body fluids in the short period of time, and for immediate effects. However, acidosis and alkalosis is a fine balancing act & so balanced fluid need to be considered in times of stress including Vit C etc.

  • no-profile-image

    Sonja Carter

    How much Sodium Bicarbonat per 10 Liters of drinking water??
    I keep chickens as a hobby and live in Turkey. It gets up to 40 degrees here.

  • no-profile-image

    Pico

    I prefer to use sodium bicarbonate as a source of sodium and by removing the chloride it has also benefits on the wet litter.
    I used to play in the past with the fat levels but now I am using a good fat absorbtion enhancer based on lysophospholipids instead and seems that helps.

  • no-profile-image

    Tanveer Zaidi


    Vit C, betaine & niacin(Nicotinic acid) have established role against "heat stress". Let's now use & recommend sodabicorb too.

  • no-profile-image

    medina, ohio chickenman

    thanks for the awareness! shade, fans, and cooler water will have to do for mine!

  • no-profile-image

    A Farmer

    I choose Natural Betaine!!

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.P.V.Rajendra Kumar,MVSc

    Heat stress is a condition wherein one particular chemical or process will not give wholesome and satisfactory results. Firstly, see the environment surrounding the bird. Try to make the same comfortable by space, airflow and avialability of fresh cool water.Check the calorie protein ratio. The bird is panting for cooling itself. Thus sodium bicarbonate at one kilogram per ton of feed is beneficial. Electrolytes in feed and water in the peak heat hours is also very beneficial. Be sure to boost the birds with proper respiratory vaccines so that the lungs and air passages are patent. The immune system of the birds has to be optimum. Fresh clean water is very essential. So it is the combination of all these factors which allows the birds to tide over the summer period.

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.Hamed Najafi

    I belive that in heat stress chicken fail ability of reserving electrolytes such as sodium and potassium and use of theses ions especially potassium help chicken to maintain its normal function.

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.Abbasnia

    i prefer use vit c and essential electrolyte in critical conditions and if possible, protein ratio in diet must be decrease.

  • no-profile-image

    Haroon Mushtaq

    Electrolytes is the main topic of my doctorate research. I would say higher requirements of electrolytes would not only mitigate impact of heat stress but also improves heatlh and immune status of birds. Balance between electrolytes (Na+K-Cl=DEB) is also important in this scenario.

  • no-profile-image

    safdar javed

    summer in fullswing in pakistan, temperature is going to 47c. In this situaion broiler farming in open houses is very difficult job, however, NahCO3, Glucose, Vit.C can give a little relief, but no absolute solution.

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.Mohammad Akram

    I am working in hot climate areas since last 30 years and baesd on my exprience Soda Bicarb @ 3 kg/ ton of feed in layers and 1gm / litre of D/Water during day time ( 8-10 hrs.) is reducing panting and balancing the PH of blood.I have not seen any significant change with the use of Vit. C

  • no-profile-image

    Dr Sunil Sawant,Mumbai,India

    For control of heat stress some measurements are,
    1) Feeding schedule : 3-4 hours before actual heat starts and late evening.
    2) Cool water supply: water temp. lower than room temp, flushing of pipe line to prevent from getting water hot.So take care of water temp- tank & pipe line should be well insulated.
    3) Prevention of hot air entering into shed-prevent by tieing wet gunny bags-keep water dripping through pipes over the tied bags.
    4) Air currents should be flowing and not stagnated.Install inlet & outlet fans for the same.
    5)Insulate roof with available materials like grass,paddy etc, with sprinklers.
    6)Provide Floor space atleast 25-30% more than in normal period.
    7) If above all thing are followed strictly then use of a) Vitamin -C, b) Soda bi carb,c) Electrolyte will definately help to combat HEAT STRESS.

  • no-profile-image

    Othmar Lopez

    Environment control with proper spacing and ventilation first then additives second. Sodium Bicarb with Vit C will be of help also read somewhere that giving organic acids is beneficial

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.Ashok A

    In case of open sided houses in tropics ensure proper ventilation (stack effect),reduce stocking density,feed during cooler parts of the day,provide drinking water 24 X 7,install foggers/circulating fans. Roofs can also be insulated. Additives always add to the cost of production and are not a substitute for proper management.

    In EC houses, tunnel ventilation with evaporative cooling is the best choice.

  • no-profile-image

    Dr A Abdulkadir

    i used vit. c ,sodium biocarbonate and NaHCO2.I found these combination very effective in Northern part of Nigeria where the temperatue is 40-44.

  • no-profile-image

    h sodhi

    i will go for soda bi carb out of these two to control ph of blood during panting in summer

  • no-profile-image

    Dr Anwarulhaq, pure breed co KSA

    In summer temperature in KSA,reaching more than 50c,I will go for
    1-Feeding in the early morning
    2-Flocks coming in production in summer should be placed with lower density rate.
    3- Effective evaporative house cooling
    4-increase in the ventilation.
    5-then in addition use of electrolytes and sodium bicarbonate will be helpful

  • no-profile-image

    Abdollah Akbarian

    due to wide range of activity of antioxidant materials, I would advise to use vit. c. antioxidant products could exert positive effects on the heat stress consequences like enhancing antioxidant power and immune response, prevent from mineral excretion and some other positive effects.

  • no-profile-image

    manny monarca

    During heat days using vitamin C and sodium bicarbonate could help prevent heat stress.

  • no-profile-image

    RM

    If you are having problems with heat in broilers ... I would suggest you to stop feeding them from 9am to 5pm from day 7 until slaughter. Give it a try and see how it works. In my experience is even better than adding band-aids on feed

  • no-profile-image

    DR.AMANAT ULLAH.FARM MANAGER.SUPREME FARMS.PAKISTA

    i will suggest vit.c during summer more benefical if we have to chose from one of both according to environment specially in pakistan.although both are benefical

  • Comment deleted by a moderator

  • Michael Fox

    After familiarizing with https://www.domyhomework4me.net/do-my-homework-for-money.html article, i can give advice to Ioannis Mavromichalis : distance yourself from the people feeding you this nonsense before you look even more foolish than you already do.

  • JulioMitchel Mitchell

    These additives are quite useful for you if you want to write one of the https://www.topratedessayservices.com/grademiners-com-review/ of your lifetime. I speak from experience, as they were able to give me the help that I desperately required. Trust me on that.

  • robinjack jack

    I am not rattling wonderful with English but I get hold this really leisurely to interpret .
    https://dailybusinessguide.com/

  • robinjack jack

    Avenue South Residence is strategically located as it is well-connected by various mode of transportation and it is only a short 10-minutes’ drive to the CDB area. It will definitely be a choice investment for investor or a dream home for aspiring buyer! <a href="https://www.avenue-southresidencecondo.sg/">Avenue south residence price</a>

  • robinjack jack

    As far as me being a member here, I wasn’t aware that I was a member for any days, actually. When the article was published I received a username and password, so that I could participate in Comments, That would explain me stumbuling upon this post. But we’re certainly all members in the world of ideas.
    tã bỉm trần
    https://dantri.com.vn/kinh-doanh/ta-bim-tran-dinh-huong-tieu-dung-an-toan-cho-me-va-be-20190729091017571.htm

  • robinjack jack

    The over unity magnetic MICR toner that you pick has to be specifically designed for that particular screen-print website inside the printer. Guarantee your toner continues to be carefully tried to get reliable sign psychic readings, image permanence along with uniformity, and exceptional advantage acuity. Toner insurance coverage need to be reliable with no external toner lay down.
    อาหารเสริมผู้ชาย
    https://www.lazada.co.th/products/omg-emperor-30-2-1-29-i357882212-s701944565.html

  • robinjack jack

    Avenue South Residence is a brand-new masterpiece situated at Silat Avenue in Bukit Merah jointly developed by consortium which comprises of UOL, UIC and Kheng Leong Company. Sitting on a huge plot of land, the 2-tower block with 56 storey will yield 1,074 units! Aspiring buyers will definitely be able to secure a choice unit from 1-bedroom to 5-bedroom type of layout. Avenue South Residence also have a commercial component that comprises of childcare and commercial shops.
    avenue south residence condo
    https://www.avenue-southresidencecondo.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    The Florence Residence is a brand new condo, with 128 condo facilities, situated in Kovan developed by Logan Property Holdings Company Limited. A Hong Kong-based property developer, Logan have built an impressive portfolio in the residential segment in the People's Republic of China (PRC) such as Hong Kong and Guangdong The Florence Residences is strategically located along Hougang Avenue 2 that is accessible to 2 MRT station, Kovan and Hougang. There are plenty of amenities, such as shopping malls, supermarkets, hawker centres, cafes, which are walking distance from The Florence Residences.
    the Florence residences condo
    https://www.the-florenceresidencescondo.sg

  • robinjack jack

    Juniper Hill is one of the latest launch in prime Bukit Timah, District 10, situated at Ewe Boon Road. The new Bukit Timah Residential, which has a total of 115 units, ranging from 2-5bedrooms, with different layout to suit your requirements, will definitely be your next dream home. Juniper Hill , which has a freehold tenure, will be an attractive investment for aspiring owners as most of the launches in the prime district 9/10/11 are 99-years' leasehold and selling at almost same PSF as Juniper Hill ! For nature and exercise lover, Juniper Hill is short drive or train ride to Botanical Garden. Home-seekers who are keen to find out more about this affordable condominium in Bukit Timah may view and download Juniper Hill Floor Plan&Juniper Hill E-Brochure. Or book a appointment to visit our showflat today!
    juniper hill Singapore
    https://www.junipershill.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Fyve Derbyshire is a newly launched freehold condominium in Novena. It is located at Derbyshire Road and has a close proximity to the public transport and shopping malls such as United Square and Novena Square. Home owners of Fvye Derbyshire will be spoilt with choices when it comes to their retail and lifestyle needs.For those who drives, Fyve Derbyshire is well-connected to most parts of Singapore via Central Expressway (CT) and the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE).You will find several amenities nearby with the Fyve Derbyshire location map.

    five Derbyshire price
    https://www.fyves-derbyshire.com

  • robinjack jack

    Neu At Novena is a newly launched freehold condominium in Novena. It is located at Moulmein Rise and has a close proximity to the public transport and shopping malls such as United Square and Novena Square. Home owners of Neu At Novena will be spoilt with choices when it comes to their retail and lifestyle needs.For those who drives, Neu At Novena is well-connected to most parts of Singapore via Central Expressway (CT) and the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE).Neu At Novena is a brand new luxurious condominium in Novena developed by Roxy-Pacific Holdings Limited.Roxy’s group of companies have built more than 48 private residential development since their establishment. Future home owners of Neu At Novena can be assured that they will the finest quality for this development.
    neu at novena pricelist
    http://www.neu-atnovena.com.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Hi there, I just stumbled your blog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!
    Parc Esta condo
    https://www.parcesta.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Oh my goodness! an amazing post dude. Many thanks Even so We’re experiencing problem with ur rss . Do not know why Unable to subscribe to it. Will there be anybody acquiring identical rss issue? Anybody who knows kindly respond. Thnkx
    Leedon Green condo
    https://www.theleedongreen.com.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Hey! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!
    Coastline Residences condo
    https://www.thecoastlineresidences.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    I enjoy studying an article that may get people to feel. Furthermore, thank you for allowing me in order to remark!
    Martin Modern condo
    https://www.themartinmoderncondo.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    I genuinely enjoyed this post. We (as a community), appreciate it. I have a related blog on this topic. Do you mind if I link to this post on my site?
    NJ Web Hosts
    https://compufix.pro/nj/web-hosting/

  • robinjack jack

    I discovered your blog website on google and check a number of your early posts. Always keep the really good operate. I recently additional the Rss to my MSN News Reader. Seeking forward to reading far more of your stuff later on!…
    florence residences showflat
    https://www.the-florencesresidencescondo.com/

  • robinjack jack

    Avenue South Residence is a brand-new masterpiece situated at Silat Avenue in Bukit Merah jointly developed by consortium which comprises of UOL, UIC and Kheng Leong Company. Sitting on a huge plot of land, the 2-tower block with 56 storey will yield 1,074 units! Aspiring buyers will definitely be able to secure a choice unit from 1-bedroom to 5-bedroom type of layout. Avenue South Residence also have a commercial component that comprises of childcare and commercial shops.
    avenue new south floor plan
    https://www.avenue-southresidencecondo.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    The Florence Residence is a brand new condo, with 128 condo facilities, situated in Kovan developed by Logan Property Holdings Company Limited. A Hong Kong-based property developer, Logan have built an impressive portfolio in the residential segment in the People's Republic of China (PRC) such as Hong Kong and Guangdong
    Florence residences condo
    https://www.the-florenceresidencescondo.sg

  • robinjack jack

    Future Residents of Mayfair Modern Condo will find several renowned schools within such as Methodist Girls' School and Pei Hwa Presbyterian Primary School.
    mayfair modern Singapore
    https://www.mayfairsmoderncondo.com

  • robinjack jack

    baby winter outfits https://itfashionworld.com/
    business and professional women https://theshoppingaround.com/
    birthday outfits https://getfashionskills.com/
    san jose giants https://gosportsfantasy.com/
    basketball court dimensions https://allsportschoice.com/
    climbing roses https://groomingflowerideas.com/
    sake dean mahomed https://discusscurrentnews.com/
    shane black https://dailyworldaffairs.com/
    Reduce Neck Fat Quickly https://happylifestyletrends.com/
    English Cocker Spaniel https://homelivingpets.com/

  • robinjack jack

    Simply wanna comment on few general things, The website design is perfect, the articles is rattling fantastic : D.
    تحميل ببجي للكمبيوتر
    https://www.7amlle3ba.com/download-pubg.html

  • robinjack jack

    I would like to express thanks to you just for bailing me out of this type of matter. As a result of researching through the world wide web and coming across ideas which are not helpful, I assumed my entire life was done. Being alive minus the approaches to the difficulties you have fixed as a result of your good blog post is a critical case, as well as the kind which could have in a negative way affected my entire career if I had not come across your web blog. Your actual ability and kindness in playing with the whole thing was very helpful. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not discovered such a thing like this. It’s possible to at this moment look forward to my future. Thank you very much for this high quality and result oriented help. I will not hesitate to propose your blog to anyone who will need assistance on this matter.
    Avenue South Residence
    https://www.avenue-south-residence-uol.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Some genuinely great blog posts on this internet site , regards for contribution.
    website
    https://www.pastemagazine.com/noisetrade/music/swedrevolution/rather-be

  • robinjack jack

    This is a good common sense article. Very helpful to one who is just finding the resouces about this part. It will certainly help educate me.
    mold removal near me
    https://smart-serv.com/

  • robinjack jack

    Eventually, an issue that I am passionate about. I have looked for information of this caliber for the final a number of hrs. Your website is significantly appreciated.
    http://timebusinessnews.com/

  • robinjack jack

    Avenue South Residence is a brand-new masterpiece situated at Silat Avenue in Bukit Merah jointly developed by consortium which comprises of UOL, UIC and Kheng Leong Company. Sitting on a huge plot of land, the 2-tower block with 56 storey will yield 1,074 units! Aspiring buyers will definitely be able to secure a choice unit from 1-bedroom to 5-bedroom type of layout. Avenue South Residence also have a commercial component that comprises of childcare and commercial shops.
    avenue new south floor plan
    https://www.avenue-southresidencecondo.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    The Florence Residence is a brand new condo, with 128 condo facilities, situated in Kovan developed by Logan Property Holdings Company Limited. A Hong Kong-based property developer, Logan have built an impressive portfolio in the residential segment in the People's Republic of China (PRC) such as Hong Kong and GuangdongThe Florence Residences is strategically located along Hougang Avenue 2 that is accessible to 2 MRT station, Kovan and Hougang. There are plenty of amenities, such as shopping malls, supermarkets, hawker centres, cafes, which are walking distance from The Florence Residences.
    the Florence residences price
    https://www.the-florenceresidencescondo.sg

  • robinjack jack

    Neu At Novena is a newly launched freehold condominium in Novena. It is located at Moulmein Rise and has a close proximity to the public transport and shopping malls such as United Square and Novena Square. Home owners of Neu At Novena will be spoilt with choices when it comes to their retail and lifestyle needs.For those who drives, Neu At Novena is well-connected to most parts of Singapore via Central Expressway (CT) and the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE).Neu At Novena is a brand new luxurious condominium in Novena developed by Roxy-Pacific Holdings Limited.Roxy’s group of companies have built more than 48 private residential development since their establishment. Future home owners of Neu At Novena can be assured that they will the finest quality for this development.
    neu at novena pricing
    https://www.neu-atnovena.com.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    I’d have to examine with you here. Which is not one thing I usually do! I take pleasure in reading a post that may make folks think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!
    lamp recycling services
    https://chicagolamprecycling.com/

  • robinjack jack

    Would you mind basically if I mention any of your current articles or reviews on condition that I provide you with credit not to mention article sources returning to your web blog? My web sites is within the exact same area of interest as your site and my subscribers would certainly gain from several of the additional info you actually offer on this site. Please make sure to tell me if this is okay for you. Take care!
    Parc Clematis
    https://www.theparcsclematis-singhaiyi.com/

  • robinjack jack

    puppies and dogs are very cute, i always love to play with them during my spare time’
    electronics recycling chicago
    https://www.microant.co/data-destruction-html/

  • robinjack jack

    Juniper Hill is one of the latest launch in prime Bukit Timah, District 10, situated at Ewe Boon Road. The new Bukit Timah Residential, which has a total of 115 units, ranging from 2-5bedrooms, with different layout to suit your requirements, will definitely be your next dream home.Juniper Hill , which has a freehold tenure, will be an attractive investment for aspiring owners as most of the launches in the prime district 9/10/11 are 99-years' leasehold and selling at almost same PSF as Juniper Hill !For nature and exercise lover, Juniper Hill is short drive or train ride to Botanical Garden. Home-seekers who are keen to find out more about this affordable condominium in Bukit Timah may view and download Juniper Hill Floor Plan&Juniper Hill E-Brochure. Or book a appointment to visit our showflat today!
    Juniper hill
    https://www.junipershill.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Fyve Derbyshire is a newly launched freehold condominium in Novena. It is located at Derbyshire Road and has a close proximity to the public transport and shopping malls such as United Square and Novena Square. Home owners of Fvye Derbyshire will be spoilt with choices when it comes to their retail and lifestyle needs.For those who drives, Fyve Derbyshire is well-connected to most parts of Singapore via Central Expressway (CT) and the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE).You will find several amenities nearby with the Fyve Derbyshire location map
    fyve Derbyshire showflat
    https://www.fyves-derbyshire.com

  • robinjack jack

    Neu At Novena is a newly launched freehold condominium in Novena. It is located at Moulmein Rise and has a close proximity to the public transport and shopping malls such as United Square and Novena Square. Home owners of Neu At Novena will be spoilt with choices when it comes to their retail and lifestyle needs.For those who drives, Neu At Novena is well-connected to most parts of Singapore via Central Expressway (CT) and the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE).Neu At Novena is a brand new luxurious condominium in Novena developed by Roxy-Pacific Holdings Limited.Roxy’s group of companies have built more than 48 private residential development since their establishment. Future home owners of Neu At Novena can be assured that they will the finest quality for this development
    neu at novena floorplan
    https://www.neu-atnovena.com.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Avenue South Residence is a brand-new masterpiece situated at Silat Avenue in Bukit Merah jointly developed by consortium which comprises of UOL, UIC and Kheng Leong Company. Sitting on a huge plot of land, the 2-tower block with 56 storey will yield 1,074 units! Aspiring buyers will definitely be able to secure a choice unit from 1-bedroom to 5-bedroom type of layout. Avenue South Residence also have a commercial component that comprises of childcare and commercial shops.

    avenue south residence Singapore
    https://www.avenue-southresidencecondo.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Avenue South Residence is a brand-new masterpiece situated at Silat Avenue in Bukit Merah jointly developed by consortium which comprises of UOL, UIC and Kheng Leong Company. Sitting on a huge plot of land, the 2-tower block with 56 storey will yield 1,074 units! Aspiring buyers will definitely be able to secure a choice unit from 1-bedroom to 5-bedroom type of layout. Avenue South Residence also have a commercial component that comprises of childcare and commercial shops.
    avenue south residence showflat
    https://www.avenue-southresidencecondo.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    The Florence Residence is a brand new condo, with 128 condo facilities, situated in Kovan developed by Logan Property Holdings Company Limited. A Hong Kong-based property developer, Logan have built an impressive portfolio in the residential segment in the People's Republic of China (PRC) such as Hong Kong and GuangdongThe Florence Residences is strategically located along Hougang Avenue 2 that is accessible to 2 MRT station, Kovan and Hougang. There are plenty of amenities, such as shopping malls, supermarkets, hawker centres, cafes, which are walking distance from The Florence Residences.
    the Florence residences pricelist
    https://www.the-florenceresidencescondo.sg

  • robinjack jack

    Mayfair Modern is a new launch property located at 2 Rifle Range Road. The new Bukit Timah Condo comprises a total of 171 units consisting of units from 1 to 4 bedroom layouts.Mayfair Modern is located at the prime district Bukit Timah, within a mere 3 minutes stroll to King Albert Park MRT. Several shopping facilities and amenities can readily be found within the vicinity of Mayfair Modern Condo such as Bukit Timah Shopping Centre, Bukit Timah Plaza, Coronation Plaza, and more.Future Residents of Mayfair Modern Condo will find several renowned schools within such as Methodist Girls' School and Pei Hwa Presbyterian Primary School.Several units were successfully sold during the Mayfair Modern launch on 6th April 2019. You may read more in depth about the condominium here - Mayfair Modern: New Waves of Premium Homes at Bukit Timah.Aspiring home owners may now view and download Mayfair Modern Floor Plan&Mayfair Modern E-Brochure.
    mayfair modern condo Singapore
    https://www.mayfairsmoderncondo.com

  • robinjack jack

    Leaders, if you do not understand how to strengthen the building blocks in your business, you cannot grow as fast as you would like. Take a step back and evaluate whether the current state of your business processes are 'solid' enough to expand to the next level of growth in the marketplace. <a href="http://bestbusinesscircle.com/green-mountain-power/">Green Mountain Power</a>

  • robinjack jack

    Steve is a successful business owner who takes his business very seriously. He focuses on growing his business and has several employees. People love his products and services and are sharing them with others. What Steve is struggling with is making his business financially fit. It seems like his business is always tight, and he is barely making it each month. Sound familiar? <a href="https://itbusinessmind.com/cost-of-debt/">Cost Of Debt</a>

  • robinjack jack

    Earning substantial profit is the main objective of every business and for this it is imperative that your business grows in significant direction keeping pace with changing scenario. Because, if a businessmen continues to follow conventional methods of conducting business he might not be able to stay even in competition with his contenders and may lag in competition. For the continuous growth of business it is indispensable to keep a strict eye on every change taking place across the business world. <a href="https://itbusinessmind.com">PayPal Working Capital</a>

  • robinjack jack

    A business broker is a person or firm who/which acts as an intermediary between sellers and buyers of small businesses. The process of buying or selling a business requires dedication and the attention of a professional with the knowledge of the complete flow of a business transaction, as well as a team in place to accomplish every aspect of the transfer <a href="https://theeducationlife.com">Dormir Conjugation</a>

  • annar rasuna

    Nice article, thanks for the information.
    http://www.griyamobilkita.com

  • robinjack jack

    Woh I like your content , saved to favorites ! .
    Denver Cannabis Delivery
    https://pelicandelivers.com/

  • robinjack jack

    Avenue South Residence is a brand-new masterpiece situated at Silat Avenue in Bukit Merah jointly developed by consortium which comprises of UOL, UIC and Kheng Leong Company. Sitting on a huge plot of land, the 2-tower block with 56 storey will yield 1,074 units! Aspiring buyers will definitely be able to secure a choice unit from 1-bedroom to 5-bedroom type of layout. Avenue South Residence also have a commercial component that comprises of childcare and commercial shops
    avenue south residence floorplan
    https://www.avenue-southresidencecondo.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    The Florence Residence is a brand new condo, with 128 condo facilities, situated in Kovan developed by Logan Property Holdings Company Limited. A Hong Kong-based property developer, Logan have built an impressive portfolio in the residential segment in the People's Republic of China (PRC) such as Hong Kong and GuangdongThe Florence Residences is strategically located along Hougang Avenue 2 that is accessible to 2 MRT station, Kovan and Hougang. There are plenty of amenities, such as shopping malls, supermarkets, hawker centres, cafes, which are walking distance from The Florence Residences.
    Florence residences condo
    https://www.the-florenceresidencescondo.sg

  • robinjack jack

    Leedon Green is the latest new launch luxurious condominium in the coveted address of District 10 that is well-connected to most part of Singapore via Farrer Road MRT station. It is a short 5-10 minutes' drive to Orchard shopping belts as well as surrounded by many reputable schools.Unit mix ranges from 1-4 Bedrooms and has total of 650-units.Vehicle owners travelling to the West or East, or Central Business Districts (CBDs) are well-connected by the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE).Leedon Green is also a short drive to Dempsey Hills and Botanic Gardens (a UNESCO World Heritage Site). For those into R&D and scientific-based field, can also enjoy easy access to Fusionpolis or Biopolis at Buona Vista area.For nature and exercise lover, Leedon Green is close to Botanic Gardens (a UNESCO World Heritage Site). Home-seekers who are keen to find out more about this top-graded condominium in Bukit Timah may view and download Leedon Green Floor Plan & Leedon Green E-Brochure. Or book a appointment to visit our showflat today!
    Leedon green, leedon green condo
    https://www.leedons-green.com.sg

  • robinjack jack

    Generally I do not read article on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to check out and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, very great post.
    amapiano 2019
    https://hiphopza.com/

  • robinjack jack

    I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I could leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have enjoyed scaning what you all have to say
    regenerative thermal oxidizer operation
    https://www.ipeadvisor.com/

  • robinjack jack

    I am very enjoyed for this blog. It’s an informative topic. It help me very much to solve some problems. Its opportunity are so fantastic and working style so speedy. I think it may be help all of you. Thanks.
    where to buy
    http://medpharmastore.com/

  • robinjack jack

    An interesting discussion is worth comment. I do think that you need to write on this topic, it might be a taboo subject but usually people are insufficient to speak on such topics. To another. Cheers
    skateboard stickers
    https://www.stickerdoll.com/collections/skateboard

  • robinjack jack

    ?ekai? Seemed like it was just yesterday those celebrity endorsed Flip ads were plastered all over town
    jardin de fiestas en cancun
    https://www.salondefiestascancun.com/

  • robinjack jack

    Avenue South Residence is a brand-new masterpiece situated at Silat Avenue in Bukit Merah jointly developed by consortium which comprises of UOL, UIC and Kheng Leong Company. Sitting on a huge plot of land, the 2-tower block with 56 storey will yield 1,074 units! Aspiring buyers will definitely be able to secure a choice unit from 1-bedroom to 5-bedroom type of layout. Avenue South Residence also have a commercial component that comprises of childcare and commercial shops
    Avenue south residence
    https://www.avenue-southresidencecondo.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    The Florence Residence is a brand new condo, with 128 condo facilities, situated in Kovan developed by Logan Property Holdings Company Limited. A Hong Kong-based property developer, Logan have built an impressive portfolio in the residential segment in the People's Republic of China (PRC) such as Hong Kong and GuangdongThe Florence Residences is strategically located along Hougang Avenue 2 that is accessible to 2 MRT station, Kovan and Hougang. There are plenty of amenities, such as shopping malls, supermarkets, hawker centres, cafes, which are walking distance from The Florence Residences
    the Florence residences floor plan
    https://www.the-florenceresidencescondo.sg

  • robinjack jack

    Leedon Green is the latest new launch luxurious condominium in the coveted address of District 10 that is well-connected to most part of Singapore via Farrer Road MRT station. It is a short 5-10 minutes' drive to Orchard shopping belts as well as surrounded by many reputable schools.Unit mix ranges from 1-4 Bedrooms and has total of 650-units.Vehicle owners travelling to the West or East, or Central Business Districts (CBDs) are well-connected by the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE).Leedon Green is also a short drive to Dempsey Hills and Botanic Gardens (a UNESCO World Heritage Site). For those into R&D and scientific-based field, can also enjoy easy access to Fusionpolis or Biopolis at Buona Vista area.For nature and exercise lover, Leedon Green is close to Botanic Gardens (a UNESCO World Heritage Site). Home-seekers who are keen to find out more about this top-graded condominium in Bukit Timah may view and download Leedon Green Floor Plan &Leedon Green E-Brochure. Or book a appointment to visit our showflat today!
    leedon green pricelist
    https://www.leedons-green.com.sg

  • robinjack jack

    Mayfair Modern is a new launch property located at 2 Rifle Range Road. The new Bukit Timah Condo comprises a total of 171 units consisting of units from 1 to 4 bedroom layouts.Mayfair Modern is located at the prime district Bukit Timah, within a mere 3 minutes stroll to King Albert Park MRT. Several shopping facilities and amenities can readily be found within the vicinity of Mayfair Modern Condo such as Bukit Timah Shopping Centre, Bukit Timah Plaza, Coronation Plaza, and more.Future Residents of Mayfair Modern Condo will find several renowned schools within such as Methodist Girls' School and Pei Hwa Presbyterian Primary School.Several units were successfully sold during the Mayfair Modern launch on 6th April 2019. You may read more in depth about the condominium here - Mayfair Modern: New Waves of Premium Homes at Bukit Timah.Aspiring home owners may now view and download Mayfair Modern Floor Plan&Mayfair Modern E-Brochure
    Mayfair modern condo
    https://www.mayfairsmoderncondo.com

  • robinjack jack

    Description:Juniper Hill is one of the latest launch in prime Bukit Timah, District 10, situated at Ewe Boon Road. The new Bukit Timah Residential, which has a total of 115 units, ranging from 2-5bedrooms, with different layout to suit your requirements, will definitely be your next dream home.Juniper Hill , which has a freehold tenure, will be an attractive investment for aspiring owners as most of the launches in the prime district 9/10/11 are 99-years' leasehold and selling at almost same PSF as Juniper Hill !For nature and exercise lover, Juniper Hill is short drive or train ride to Botanical Garden. Home-seekers who are keen to find out more about this affordable condominium in Bukit Timah may view and download Juniper Hill Floor Plan&Juniper Hill E-Brochure. Or book a appointment to visit our showflat today!
    Juniper hill
    https://www.junipershill.sg/

  • robinjack jack

    Fyve Derbyshire is a newly launched freehold condominium in Novena. It is located at Derbyshire Road and has a close proximity to the public transport and shopping malls such as United Square and Novena Square. Home owners of Fvye Derbyshire will be spoilt with choices when it comes to their retail and lifestyle needs.For those who drives, Fyve Derbyshire is well-connected to most parts of Singapore via Central Expressway (CTE) and the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE).You will find several amenities nearby with the Fyve Derbyshire location map
    fyve Derbyshire floor plan
    https://www.fyves-derbyshire.com

Load more comments (83)

Or register to be able to comment.