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Poultry World edition 7 of 2020 is now online

In this edition of Poultry World we interview Rens van Dobbenburgh, president of the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe, to talk about how one health approach is essential. We visit a farm in South Africa where demand is strong for the indigenous Boschveld breed of chickens, and we discuss how to ensure healthy and profitable production for Pekin ducks. Poultry World also considers the value of LED lighting in breeder production and algae residuals as chicken feed.

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“One Health approach is essential”

In this article, we speak to Rens van Dobbenburgh, president of the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe, which represents about 300,000 veterinarians in 40 member countries. We discuss veterinary medicines, their availability and proper use, animal health in general, animal welfare, and food safety.

An important item on the Van Dobbenburgh’s agenda is the EU Animal Health Law, a piece of legislation that deals primarily with the prevention and control of transmissible animal diseases in the livestock sector. Photo: Sebastien Tibeau
An important item on the Van Dobbenburgh’s agenda is the EU Animal Health Law, a piece of legislation that deals primarily with the prevention and control of transmissible animal diseases in the livestock sector. Photo: Sebastien Tibeau

Popularity of poultry continues globally

In 2019, the global poultry market increased by 6% to US$231.5 billion, rising for the third consecutive year. Global consumption peaked and is expected to continue to climb.

Strong demand for mixed day-old chicks in South Africa

The lockdown in South Africa brought the country to a halt, but chicken farmer Mike Bosch saw an increase in demand for mixed day-old chicks. Since having bred his own indigenous free-range bird, a 3-way cross called the Boschveld over 20 years ago, Mike has enjoyed huge success in exporting his chickens throughout Africa.

Mike Bosch with one of his famous Boschveld chickens, a mix of 3 indigenous African breeds: Venda, Matabele, and Ovambo. It has distinctive red and brown colours with white feathers in between. Photo: Boschveld
Mike Bosch with one of his famous Boschveld chickens, a mix of 3 indigenous African breeds: Venda, Matabele, and Ovambo. It has distinctive red and brown colours with white feathers in between. Photo: Boschveld

Lack of commercialisation of technologies hindering layer productivity improvements

Several technologies can improve layer productivity, but they are hampered by a lack of commercial systems and evidence of their practical benefits. Dr Cutress at the University of Aberystwyth’s Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences PreciseAg Project, says that one of the issues for the egg sector is that precision tools, while often affordable, have difficulty in transitioning from prototypes to commercial systems.

Many systems that improve egg farm productivity have been developed. Photo: Koos Groenewold
Many systems that improve egg farm productivity have been developed. Photo: Koos Groenewold

Using LED lighting in breeder production

Over the years, LED light has proven to work as well as traditional light sources in bringing parent stock into production. One major advantage, however, is that LED means much lower energy costs.

Specialist LED lamps have been developed for the poultry industry and are relatively inexpensive. LED lighting offers a longer lifespan, dimming ability, and adjustable colour output. Photo: Philip Malherbe
Specialist LED lamps have been developed for the poultry industry and are relatively inexpensive. LED lighting offers a longer lifespan, dimming ability, and adjustable colour output. Photo: Philip Malherbe

Algae residuals as chicken feed?

Belgian researchers are investigating how residual flows from algae production for human consumption can deliver value to chicken feed.

Researchers aim to discover how to efficiently add algae-residual products to animal feed to the benefit of the animals and the final products. Photo: Henk Riswick
Researchers aim to discover how to efficiently add algae-residual products to animal feed to the benefit of the animals and the final products. Photo: Henk Riswick

Core metagenomic functions of the poultry microbiome

Microbial profiles tell us the types and amounts of the various micro-organisms present in the gut; however, gut composition varies from bird to bird. Looking at the metagenome makes it decidedly simpler.

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Preparing for a new flock of Pekin ducks

The first 3 days of a duck’s life determine the rest of its existence. Pekin ducks are fast-growing and must be supported as they arrive at the farm. In this article, we unpack 7 essential points to take into account when preparing for a new flock.

A good start helps Pekin ducks to perform at par or above management recommendations. Photo: Hans Prinsen
A good start helps Pekin ducks to perform at par or above management recommendations. Photo: Hans Prinsen

Synergistic feed additive: A strategy to reduce antimicrobials

Gut health is a key factor in supporting immunity, though it is an enduring challenge for broiler

producers, accounting for up to 80% of antimicrobials used in poultry production. A synergistic approach leverages different feed additives as part of a 4-pronged gut health strategy to support broiler health while reducing or removing antibiotics.

Insight into avian virus highlights its infection potential

Commercial poultry should be protected from the risk of contracting harmful bird flu from migrating flocks. Viruses can readily exchange genetic material with other viruses during migration, raising the likelihood of serious outbreaks in domestic poultry and wild birds.

Avian influenza introduced by migratory birds has a devastating effect on commercial poultry flocks. Photo: Mark Pasveer
Avian influenza introduced by migratory birds has a devastating effect on commercial poultry flocks. Photo: Mark Pasveer

Need for natural alternatives to AGPs

Necrotic enteritis (NE) in broilers is just one of the diseases held at bay by in-feed antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs). With the ban on AGPs looming, a need for natural alternatives arises. Wood lignans in the polyphenol category are offering interesting properties for controlling NE.

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