On a dry matter basis Chinese grasshoppers (Acrida cinerea
[Thunberg]) contain 654 grams of crude protein, 83g fat and 87g chitin per kg.
Amino acid content
The researchers found that the content of amino acids compared well with fish meal; the methionine, cystine and lysine concentrations in the grasshopper meal were 17, 7 and 38g per kg on dry matter basis respectively.
True amino acid digestibility was determined in cecectomised roosters and was 0.97 for methionine, 0.84 for cystine and 0.95 for lysine. The nitrogen-corrected true metabolizable energy (TMEn) of the grasshopper meal was 11.34 MJ/kg.
When maize-insect-soybean meal diets were formulated on an equal CP and TMEn basis, up to 150 g per kg the grasshopper meal could replace control diet without any adverse affects on broiler weight gain, feed intake, or gain:feed ratio from 8 to 20 days post hatching.
The fatty acid analysis showed polyunsaturated fatty acids of the grasshopper meal to be present in high quantities, and the total content of oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids was 0.8449 of total fatty acids. The results indicated that the insect could be an acceptable raw material for feed and food.