Heat stress is a major concern impairing welfare, performance and farm profitability. It is also highly variable for each animal species. Animals are not equal in their ability to resist and recover from heat stress episodes, depending on their physiology and their level of production. Therefore, managing heat stress implies dedicated and adapted strategies for each of them individually.
Due to the wide variety of heat stress impacts: reduced feed intake, oxidative stress, leaky gut, increased heart rate, sweating, panting, etc, it is very difficult to solve it with a single solution. The CCPA Group therefore develop specific feed solutions for each animal species, in order to maintain production performance.
To prevent the feed intake drop, CCPA Group has designed a specific blend of feed ingredients which supports the feed intake. Axion ThermoControl contributes to improving a pigs appetite thanks to Capsaicin, a specific plant extract activating TRPV1 (Transient Receptors Potential Vanilloïd1). These receptors are involved in body temperature reduction through different mechanisms: heart rate reduction, increase of insulin level and decrease of adipogenesis. Besides relieving the animals, the solution contains buffering substances improving the ionic balance and limiting alkalosis due to high temperature and respiratory rate.
Axion ThermoControl is effective during the fattening period where heat stress induces a deteriorated feed intake and a slower growth. Different trials on fatteners were carried out with the product incorporated into feed. Table 1 illustrates the performance results obtained. Field trials were also led on sows in hot conditions (27-35°C) in Europe and Asia. The use of the solution clearly enhances sow feed intake (+400 g on average) and sow milk production, and consequently increases the litter weight: +4.9%, on average. In addition, sow weight losses during lactation were reduced.
The nutritional solution Axion Thermoplus incorporated into ruminant feed was developed to act at the different levels
impaired by hot weather in order to maintain animal performance, through three ways:
CCPA Group carried out numerous field trials on different diets, worldwide. In each country, milk yield increased for the batches of animals supplemented with Axion Thermoplus: from 0.5 to 3 litres more. Even in farms with existing cooling systems (for example in Vietnam), a gain was noticed with this solution. Farmers also noticed behavioural changes and signs of an animal welfare improvement, with dairy cows being more relaxed, spending more time resting and chewing.
Poultry are very sensitive to heat stress. A small temperature variation could quickly become dramatic as their body temperature is around 41°C and a variation of 4°C is lethal. Three specific nutritional specialties for poultry were designed to improve growth performance and limit mortality in the starter phase and during heat stress:
In order to evaluate the risk level of heat stress in farms, the CCPA Group has developed for livestock producers a specific heat stress application for smartphones (Iphone and Android) entitled: ThermoTool, which can be downloaded for free on Apple Store and Google Play. Thanks to this application, breeders can anticipate heat stress over five days and quickly adapt and set up preventive measures, if necessary, in the management of their farm and for the animal nutrition.
In addition, a dedicated sensor connected to the application ThermoTool was also developed by the company, in order to automatically record temperature and hygrometry in the farm buildings. This equipment is complementary to the application as it gives a real time heat stress risk from inside the farm buildings.
Author: Jean Pascard and Veronique Abgrall, CCPA Group